Research conducted so far on the monumental early Celtic complex of the 5th century BC is by no means sufficient, and much remains to be done. The structure of settlement, the nature and extent of its contacts, as well as the basis of its wealth all raise a number of questions. The extent and the dimension of the bank and ditch system are without parallel among the Celts – is this because the Glauberg in fact lies on the periphery of the Celtic world?
The most intensive large-scale excavations in the area of the settlement were already carried out inthe 1930s under the direction of Heinrich Richter. Unfortunately nearly all of the documentation, as well as many of the finds, were destroyed towards the end of World War II. The analysis of the excavations in the settlement conducted in the 1980s by the State Office for Heritage Management of Hessen and directed by Dr. Fritz-Rudolf Hermann revealed a complex succession of fortification works (on this see: Holger Baitinger, Der Glauberg – ein Fürstensitz der Späthallstatt-/Frühlatènezeit in Hessen. Glauberg-Studien 1, Wiesbaden 2010. ).
They were carried out as part of a focused research programme financed by the German Research Council (DFG), which provided funding for research on the Glauberg involving various scientific and archaeological projects between 2004 and 2010. One of the results of the archaeological surveys and targeted excavations that were conducted as part of the programme by the University of Mainz and directed by Prof. Dr. Christopher Pare and Dr. Leif Hansen, was the discovery that at the time of the princely graves settlement did not cover the entire area of the Glauberg (see Leif Hansen/Christopher Pare, in preparation: Untersuchungen im territorialen Umland des Glaubergs. Zur Genese und Entwicklung eines Fürstensitzes in der östlichen Wetterau. Glauberg-Studien 2).
The complete results of the research into the Glauberg carried out in 2004-2010 are published in:
- D. Krausse (ed.), Frühe Zentralisierungs- und Urbanisierungsprozesse. Zur Genese und Entwicklung frühkeltischer Fürstensitze und ihres territorialen Umlandes. Kolloquium des DFG-Schwerpunktprogramms 1171 in Blaubeuren, 9.–11. Oktober 2006. Forschungen und Berichte zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte in Baden-Württemberg 101 (Stuttgart 2008).
- D. Krausse (ed.), „Fürstensitze“ und Zentralorte der frühen Kelten. Abschlusskolloquium des DFG-Schwerpunktprogramms 1171 in Stuttgart, 12.–15. Oktober 2009. Forschungen und Berichte zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte in Baden-Württemberg 120 (Stuttgart 2010).
Specialist literature on the Glauberg and other early celtic “princely seats” (to May 2010) www.fuerstensitze.de.